Monthly Archives: August 2016

Composite Resin

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Composite Resin

 

Composite resin also known as (white fillings) is a special material your dentist uses to replace loss tooth structure. Composite material is made of ceramic and plastic compounds. This material restores tooth structure that’s loss from tooth decay or it can also be used for cosmetic improvements. Composite fillings are being used more than any other type of fillings, this is because patients want something that looks natural in their mouth. At Smiles on Bristol Dentistry Dr. Danial Kalantari prefers to use composite fillings for his patients.

How are composite fillings placed? Composite fillings not always require anesthetic; this is because they are chemically bonded to the tooth. The anesthetic will be administered if the decay has grown beneath the enamel layer. After the anesthetic (if necessary) your dentist will begin to remove the affected part, your dentist will then place an acid etch on the tooth to prep the tooth for bonding, after the bonding the composite material is placed and then set with a special light. Last the dentist will adjust the filling according to the occlusion of the teeth.compositeFilling2

What are the advantages of composite fillings? The main advantage of having tooth colored fillings are the aesthetics. White fillings also require less tooth structure to be removed, providing further support. Composite can be used not just to fix dental caries it can also repair chipped, broken or worn teeth. This type of fillings also hardens in seconds unlike amalgam fillings that need hours to completely set.

What are the disadvantages? Some disadvantages are that after composite fillings you may experience sensitivity. Tooth colored fillings wear out sooner than amalgam fillings on average they last about 5 years and the amalgam 10-15. Composite will increase the time in the chair because of the steps that are needed.

For selecting the best type of dental filling material it is best if you consult with your dentist. Strength, esthetics, and longevity will vary with different patient and situations. If you would like to schedule a dental consultation with our Santa Ana Dentist please contact your friendly dental office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us

Dental Health and Canker Sores

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Canker Sores

 

Canker sores or also known as aphthous ulcers are small ulcers that appear in the oral cavity. Canker sores are usually around 1 cm and appear in oval or round shape with a red border around them. These ulcers usually develop on the soft tissues of the mouth or at the base of your gums. The place where the sores appear sometimes makes it difficult for the patient to eat and talk normally.

The exact cause of canker sores is unknown. It is thought that simple canker sores may be related to stress. Citrus or acidic fruits and vegetables can also trigger a canker sore or make the canker sore worse. Minor injuries to the mouth may also cause canker sore, some examples are sharp tooth or a sharp or broken dental appliance. canker-sores-picture

Some common symptoms of a canker sore are tingling or burning sensation on the place where the canker sore is located. Pain or discomfort on the site of where the canker sore is located, it can be in the soft palate, inside the cheeks, or the roof of the mouth. In some cases, fever or swollen lymph nodes may be present.

Canker sores usually heal within a few days, and the sores starts to disappear in a week or two. Keeping the area clean and brushing and flossing to keep the area from plaque or bacteria. If there is discomfort or pain from the sores you can decrease the pain or discomfort by gargle mouthwash or salt water. If you visit your dentist, he can prescribe you antimicrobial mouth rinse or an antibiotic.

Canker sores and cold sores are not the same. Cold sores also known as fever blisters are groups of fluid filled blisters that cause pain. Some differences are that cold sores are contagious and canker sores aren’t. Cold sores are caused by virus and the known cause for canker sores are unknown. Cold sores usually appear outside the mouth, around the lips, nose or chin, while the canker sores occur inside the mouth.

It’s a good idea to contact your dentist if you have a canker sore or sores lasting longer than 3 weeks, unusual large sores, a high fever when the canker sore appeared. If you would like to schedule a free dental consultation with our Dentist in Santa Ana Dr. Danial Kalantari please feel free to contact your friendly staff of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry. Contact Us

 

 

Gingivitis

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Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums, related to periodontal disease. If gingivitis is left untreated it can cause major dental problems. A patient with gingivitis will have swollen red gums, that most likely bleed when they brush their teeth. The beginning stages of gingivitis are the most crucial, If the gingivitis is treated early with brushing and flossing there’s a chance that it doesn’t have a negative effect on your gums. If left untreated it can lead to periodontitis, and that will affect your bone and gums.

Gingivitis is caused by plaque deposits that are on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film that build up on your teeth that contain bacteria. The bacteria in the plaque causes tooth decay and gum disease. Plaque that is not removed turns into calculus and that irritates the gums, causing them to become infected, swell, and tender. Plaque isn’t the only thing that causes gingivitis, certain infections also cause gums to swell and become red. Poor oral hygiene, uncontrolled diabetes, and misaligned teeth can also raise the risk of gingivitis. The hormonal changes in pregnancy can also affect the gums. gingivitis

In your dental exam your dentist will look for the following conditions, bleeding gums, swelling, and pocked depth. The pocket depth is the space between the gums and tooth, the bigger the pocket the more severe is the periodontal disease. Caries and teeth alignment are also important conditions your dentist will look for. Gingivitis can be treated at home with brushing and flossing daily to remove any plaque that’s on the teeth. Professional teeth cleanings are also a way to treat gingivitis, correcting misaligned teeth, and using antibacterial rinses can help with gingivitis.

Gingivitis can be prevented by brushing and flossing daily. Our Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry recommends a check-up every six months. Antiplaque toothpaste and mouth rinses are also a good help to prevent gingivitis. If you would like to schedule an exam with your dentist in Santa Ana, Dr. Danial Kalantari please feel free to contact our office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry. Contact Us

Dental Emergencies

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Dental Emergencies

Dental emergencies can be very frightening and painful. Patients are sometimes unaware of what to do when they are involved with a dental emergency.  The best advice is to go to your dental office as soon as the dental emergency occurs. If you can’t make it to your office go to the nearest emergency room. Your dental office will usually have an emergency contact phone number to reach your dentist, if the dentist is not available. The dentist can guide you on what steps to take for your dental emergency.

The most common type of dental emergency for when patients seek dental care is an abscessed tooth. The symptoms include pain on the tooth where the abscess formed, swelling, and response to heat or cold.  This a sign that the tooth is infected and the abscess grow because the fluid has no way of releasing from the bone.  If the tooth goes untreated it may cause severe pain, especially at night time when the patient is resting.  Your dentist will treat abscess with antibiotic and dental treatment.  The dental treatment will depend on the infection and how bad the tooth is affected. dental emergency

Another type of dental emergency is Alveolitis. This is more known as dry socket, a dry socket can occur after a dental extraction. This happens when a blood clot does not form or is washed away out of the socket exposing the nerve endings. This exposure causes great discomfort and increases the chance of infections.  The way this is treated is by carefully rinsing the area and then placing a special dry socket paste.  This material can be placed for one or two days until the discomfort starts diminishing.  The patient might need to take pain medication along with the dry socket paste treatment to control discomfort.

Broken tooth is also a common dental emergency. The anterior (front) teeth are most common to become fractured or broken. The anterior teeth are more exposed, to the rest of the teeth. The fracture or broken teeth usually happen on young children when they are playing and fall or adults involved in an accident. Another common way for teeth to break is from dental caries, the tooth becomes weak and when the patients bites down on something hard the tooth breaks. This can be treated with dental treatment, and the treatment depends on how bad the fracture is and how it’s affecting the patient.

Broken Prosthesis can also be a dental emergency. This is normally not a physical pain but more concern with esthetics or loss of function. The broken prosthesis can usually be fixed in office, but for major repairs will need to be sent out to a dental lab for best results.

Temporary crowns may become loose and may require re-cementation.  These are very common to come off because they are cemented with temporary cement. If your temporary crown comes off or breaks visit your dentist for re-cementation of the crown. If you have any questions regarding any type of dental emergency please contact our Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari or your friendly office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry. Contact Us

 

 

Dental Health With Crooked Teeth

Dental Health With Crooked Teeth

Dental health with crooked teeth, there are many reasons why peoples teeth grown in crooked or misaligned. Some people’s mouths are too small for their teeth, the limited space causes the teeth to shift position and become crooked. There are some cases where the upper and lower jaw aren’t the same size which causes to form an over bite or under bite. When baby teeth or adult teeth come off at an age where they shouldn’t, it causes spaces to close and permanent teeth grow misaligned. Misaligned or crooked teeth can also be heredity.

With crooked teeth it’s very difficult for a patient to clean properly between the teeth. This may increase the chance of the patient to have cavities in between the teeth or build up to grown in that area. Misaligned teeth also create pressure on the jaw, because the way the teeth occlude is not correct. This can also cause teeth to break, if the pressure is constant on a tooth. Crooked or misaligned teeth can also hurt a patients self esteem.

The way you fix crooked or misaligned teeth are with orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment begins with a visit to your dental office. Your dentist will need to do a general exam, after the exam your dentist will determine if you have to visit an Orthodontist or can be done in office (if your office offers orthodontic treatment). Your Orthodontist will need records of his own, so x-rays will be taken with impressions and photos of your mouth. With this information the orthodontist can create a treatment plan for you and depending on the severity of the case the longer you will use braces.before-after-02

Depending on the case, your orthodontist can align your teeth with traditional braces or the Invisalign method. The traditional braces are placed in the teeth, and with wire your teeth begin to move in the position that your orthodontist wants your teeth to move to. With Invisalign it works with a set of aligners that are custom made to your teeth, and with time the aligners begin to shift your teeth to move into the desired position. At Smiles on Bristol Dentistry we do offer the Invisalign method to our patients if needed.

After your braces or Invisalign your treatment isn’t complete. You need a set of retainers to maintain the teeth in the aligned position. Once your teeth are aligned the risk of developing dental cavities, periodontal diseases, and broken teeth minimize. If you would like a free orthodontic consultation you can contact your friendly office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry, or your Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari. Contact Us

 

 

Frenectomy

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Frenectomy

 Frenectomy is a procedure where your dentist or oral surgeon removes a band of muscle called frenum that is connected to the lip, check or floor of the mouth. The labial frenum which connects the inside of your lip to your gums, it’s located above your two upper front teeth. The lingual frenum is located underneath your tongue which connects the tongue to the floor of the mouth. When any of these frena over grows it can cause the patient problems.

If the lingual frenum that connects the tongue with the floor of the mouth over grows it can cause the patient to develop speech problems. This is because the over growth of the frenum runs to the end of the tongue causing the patients tongue not to have limited mobility (this is called tongue tied). In infant patient the tongue tie will interfere with feeding. With patient that have tongue tie it is very difficult to extend their tongues out as far as their peers.

The over growth of the labial frenum also causes some dental problems. When the labial frenum over grows it causes the two central teeth to separate causing a gap in between. upper-frenectomyThe problem that the labial frenum creates is more esthetics than function. This can be corrected with orthodontic treatment and a procedure called Frenectomy.

Frenectomy is a small surgical procedure that removes the over growth of the frenum. This procedure requires local anesthesia. After the anesthesia the oral surgeon or the dentist removes the frenum that’s affecting the patient. The removal can be done with a special dental laser or with a scalpel. A very small wound is left after the procedure which usually heals with a few stitches. The healing usually takes about a week, and any discomfort can be managed with pain medication.

It is recommended to getting a frenectomy procedure only if the frenum is causing pain or it’s impeding normal functions. This procedure can be done in Smiles on Bristol Dentistry. If you have any questions, feel free to contact our Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari. If you want to schedule an exam contact your friendly office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry. Contact Us

 

What is tooth enamel?

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What is tooth enamel?

Tooth enamel is one of the hardest tissue in a human body. This is a thin but, very strong coating that allows for our teeth to be protected from plaque bacteria. This coating covers the complete crown of your tooth this is a protection from an everyday use which includes chewing, biting, and grinding. This strong coating is a protection for the underlying dentin in our teeth, which is the major component of all our teeth. It is a great protection for our teeth, making them strong for all the biting and chewing that goes on. This is where the good oral hygiene comes in, as your enamel is translucent and it is easily stainable. Therefore, brushing and flossing daily should be on the top of the list when it comes to having a good oral hygiene.  Having a good oral hygiene is very important as it helps us maintain healthy living by having health teeth.enamel

If our tooth enamel is the hardest tissue in our human body, why is it so sensitive?  This all comes down the second layer of our teeth the underlying dentin. Dentin is made up of tiny tubules that serve to connect the tooth’s surface to the nerves, which is what causes for us to feel at times sensitivity towards the hot and cold, and sometimes even pain. The dentin is what makes up most of our teeth allowing your teeth have its structure and its color. However, dentin is soft this is why the enamel is needed to protect it. The enamel serves with the purpose to protect the crown of the tooth which is the visible part of our teeth. Nonetheless the roots of our teeth are not protected by enamel which makes them vulnerable and if not well taken care of by your oral hygiene, our teeth can be exposed to gum disease and sensitivity. This is why tooth enamel is so important and why we should be taking care off it. Unfortunately, even though tooth enamel is the hardest tissue in our body it can wear away this is called enamel loss or enamel erosion. This is usually due the consumption of acidic foods or drinks that go on a daily basis, and our tooth enamel does not grow back as it is a non-living substance and it cannot regenerate.  What we can do to maintain our tooth enamel healthy is avoid having acidic foods and drinks like soda, wine, even coffee on a daily basis. If avoiding such acidic drinks is not cutting in drinking through a straw can sure lessen contact with teeth. Drinking plenty of water and always brushing and flossing on a daily basis and be sure to have your regular dental visits.

If you have any symptoms such as sensitivity to hot or cold, if you see any discoloration on your teeth, any cracks or chips, or teeth that have any rounded and/or transparent appearance. Let your dentist know, only your dentist can let you know with a proper exam if you are suffering from enamel loss. Tooth enamel loss or enamel erosion can be preventable if following tips above, and also following up with your regular dental visits. If you have any questions regarding enamel loss, please be sure to contact our dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari at our dental office Smiles on Bristol. Contact Us

What is a Dental Crossbite?

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What is a Dental Crossbite?

A crossbite is a form of malocclusion in which a tooth or teeth are inclined into a buccal or lingual position, this is a misalignment of the dental arches. In other words, when your upper teeth tend to fall inside your lower teeth this is what can be called an underbite or a malocclusion crossbite. This may be caused by tooth positioning or an abnormal jaw positioning, usually occurring when biting down front upper teeth will fall behind your lower front teeth. A crossbite can be present because of many factors one being inherit it. If one or both parents have a crossbite present it is very likely for offspring to inherit this condition. Not only can these be some of the factors for having a crossbite but also the size of your jaw can be a big exterminator, as the size of your jaw is a major impact when having a crossbite; reason being if an upper jaw is smaller rather than the upper jaw can bring them to collide when biting down.crossbite

A crossbite can begin from a young age as children are very prone to developing this condition. Why is this you may ask? This is because if baby teeth don’t fall out in their correspondent time it can cause damage to their permanent teeth by now allowing them to have enough room to grow. Permanent will begin to grow behind baby teeth which will cause the crossbite when the child bites down. Another reason why children are prone on obtaining a dental crossbite is when child has oversized tonsils or adenoids, this can trigger a development towards a crossbite. This can seem like an unreasonable cause but due to oversized tonsils or adenoids a child might have the necessity to begin breathing through his or her mouth rather than breathing through their nose which in the long run can affect the proper growth of their jaw. This can gradually change the positioning of the child’s upper and lower jaw.

There are several ways in which a crossbite can be treated, one being therapies such as braces or other orthodontic treatment that can help treat the way your jaw is positioned and position it back to where it should be. The correction of a crossbite is not only just for cosmetic but also it is for the health of the overall oral cavity such as your teeth and gums. If crossbite has been left untreated several other conditions can arise such as the TMJ or TMD disorder. Other problems can come from this disorder such as receding gums, loose teeth and also excessive wear away of tooth enamel which can puts patients at a higher risk of obtaining dental cavities. The correct way to treat your crossbite should be discussed with your treating dentist every person can have a different option from orthodontic treatment to other optional treatments.

If you feel or think you have a jaw misalignment like a crossbite, do not hesitate and visit your dental office Smiles on Bristol to have a proper diagnosis and begin dental treatment for such dental problem. If you have any other questions regarding dental crossbite, please feel free and contact our dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari at our office Smiles on Bristol.Contact Us

Dental Attrition

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Dental Attrition

Loss of tooth tissue also known as dental attrition can usually start as an incisal or occlusal wear away of the tooth surfaces. This is commonly as normal part of aging due to common grinding throughout the years. If tooth wear becomes excessive it can be defined as pathological in nature, if this is your case intervention by a dental professional is needed. This pathological wear is usually caused by bruxism the clenching and grinding of teeth. If attrition becomes severe and teeth are worn away leaving them with only underlying dentin they can be exposed to dental caries and/or dentin hypersensitivity.

             Some signs and symptoms for attrition are loss of tooth anatomy, sensitivity or pain. The loss of tooth anatomy includes loss of cusps and fractures on teeth. Also if rounding or sharpening of incisal edges occurs this is an apparent sign for attrition. Attrition can cause dentin hypersensitivity this is when pain and/or sensitivity occur. If attrition becomes severe secondary loss of enamel can occur and bring sensitivity as dentin is now exposed. Another sign you might see is tooth discoloration, teeth can have a yellow appearance or can become darker. The enamel is the protection of your tooth when worn away by attrition your teeth are at higher risk to dental caries.

            Several causes for this dental attrition are tooth grinding, such as bruxism. Also, inappropriate alignment of teeth can contribute to have teeth worn away such as malocclusion. Not only are these causes for attrition but also an absence of posterior teeth, or having a rough-textured diet. Having a good diet can help when preventing attrition as many foods which contain acids can help become attrition a greater problem. There are ways in which we can help prevent or manage attrition, several ways are:  an orthodontic examination, a mouth guard/night guard, a particular diet, and an intraoral soft tissue analysis. It is important to know every patient is different for this you should contemplate on making a dental visit.Attrition-1-0-400-0-400

           To also help with dental attrition a correct technique of tooth brushing should be put into practice. Tooth brushing should be established on a daily routine starting from early childhood. To help with the attrition a gentle scrub technique with short horizontal scrubs that allow for plaque to be dislodge from gum margins. Scrubs must be gentle using a soft bristle tooth brush, allowing for you to brush lower teeth upwards and upper teeth downwards. Tooth brushing skills should be taught to people all ages to help prevent from any damages down the line. Using precise techniques such as brushing at a 45- degree angle to the gums, brush on both outer and inner surfaces of lower and upper teeth.  By using brushing techniques you will help prevent from any further dental attrition. A dental night guard can also be a great help when it comes to helping control dental attrition.  If you have any questions regarding dental attrition please feel free to contact your Dr. Danial Kalantari at our office Smiles on Bristol.Contact Us

Plaque Control

 

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Plaque Control

What is plaque? Plaque is a soft and sticky layer that builds up were the teeth and the gums connect. This plaque contains millions of bacteria which can lead to problems such as gum disease and tooth decay if not taken care off.  Plaque can be kept under control by brushing and flossing on daily basis. There are several techniques which a patient can take to make sure the plaque is under control. There are a variety of ways in which we can take hands on to help when it comes to having a good oral hygiene. Not only are tooth brushing and flossing the only way to help plaque removal but, the following are also ways in which we can contribute to help minimize the plaque in our teeth.

                Going a step further disclosing tablets are also very practical when it comes to controlling the plaque building up along the gum line or on the tooth surface. These disclosing tablets allow the plaque to become more visible to the naked eye. The plaque will usually turn a different color such as pink, blue, orange, any other bright color to indicate were plaque have been building up and to be removed by brushing. These tablets are very practical allowing you to be able to brush all the plaque that you can visually see with the naked eye. Brushing should also be accompanied by flossing on a regular. Flossing will help remove any food particles and dental plaque from the areas between the teeth which the toothbrush is unable to reach. Another way to help is by regularly using mouthwash to help kill bacteria that is being stored away. Going that extra mile for your teeth will most definitely pay off when having healthy teeth.pc

Fighting against plaque can be hard but can be done if techniques above are being used. If plaque is not removed on a daily basis this plaque can harden and become tartar. If tartar continues to build up, gum tissue can become red and swollen and can possibly begin to bleed when brushing and flossing. This is called gingivitis and early stage of a periodontal problem, Gingivitis can be reversible with professional and a good oral hygiene but, if gingivitis is left untreated this can lead to an advanced periodontitis which can severely lead into a form of gum disease. Protecting your teeth and gums should be a priority as your health begins from your mouth to the rest of your body. The fight against dental plaque is yours help your teeth be in nice and healthy shape for them to last you a life time.

Since plaque is something that is constantly building up in our mouths we should be taking care of it on a daily basis. Brushing and flossing should be a daily process which can be accompanied by mouth washing and if possible giving it a step more and using disclosing tablets to fight the plaque off. Not only will this be an effective way of fighting it off but, also your regular dental cleanings at your dental office Smiles On Bristol.  If you or any family member have any questions regarding dental plaque, please be sure to contact our friendly dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari at our office Smiles On Bristol.Contact Us