Monthly Archives: July 2016

Habits That Can Harm Your Teeth

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Habits That Can Harm Your Teeth
 
Brushing and flossing daily is very important to maintain beautiful teeth and smile. We’re going to talk about some habits that affect your teeth. Some are very common and people sometimes think nothing of it. The negative of these habits can affect or damage your teeth.
 
Choosing the wrong toothbrush and brushing too forcefully can damage your teeth. Choosing the correct toothbrush is very important, the recommended toothbrush is a soft bristled toothbrush. Avoid medium or hard bristle toothbrushes, if these toothbrushes are use with force they can cause your gums to recede and cause teeth abrasion. Brushing and flossing twice a day should be sufficient, if brushing more than twice a day it can also cause gum recession or teeth abrasion.
 
Nail biting or chewing ice can also damage your teeth. Nail biting can cause chips or fractures on the teeth. This is cause by the pressure or force you place on your teeth when you bite down on the nail. Chewing can have similar effects on your teeth but can also cause sensitivity. If you have the urge to chew you can try a sugarless gum.
 
Sugary foods or drinks have a very negative effect on your teeth. Sugar increases the risk of tooth decay. It is important to brush or rinse after having any food with high sugars. Sugars not only affect your teeth but also your general health. Try to limit the amount of sugar that you eat.
 
For children sleeping with baby bottle or sippy cup with milk, juice, or baby formula can affect their baby teeth in a major way. The amount of sugar that is in those drinks can cause cavities on all the baby teeth.  Try not to let your children get use to sleeping with a bottle, if your child still drinks with sippy cup or milk try replacing with water.
 
Grinding your teeth can cause your teeth to wear. This can cause the enamel to wear down and exposing dentin-causing sensitivity on your teeth or discomfort. Grinding your teeth can also cause your teeth to chip or break from the pressure of the teeth contacting each other. The best option for bruxism or teeth grinding is a custom-made night guard that protects your teeth from wearing or chipping.
 
 
All of these are habits that we sometimes are unaware of. If you have any questions regarding this topic you can contact our Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari, or your friendly staff of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us

Anorexia

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Anorexia
 
Anorexia is an eating disorder and there is an estimate that some type of eating disordered affects around 10 million Americans. Anorexia is more common on teens and young adults. Individuals suffering from anorexia have extreme weight loss, and the weight loss is usually 15% below the person’s normal body weight. People suffering from anorexia are very skinny, but are convinced that they are overweight. Weight loss is obtained by many ways. Some of the common techniques used are excessive exercise, intake of laxatives and not eating. Anorexics have an intense fear of becoming fat. Their dieting habits develop from this fear. People with anorexia continue to think they are overweight even after they become extremely thin, are very ill or near death. Often they will develop strange eating habits such as refusing to eat in front of other people. Sometimes the individuals will prepare big meals for others while refusing to eat any of it. The disorder is thought to be most common among people of higher socioeconomic classes and people involved in activities where thinness is especially looked upon, such as dancing, theater, and distance running.
 
Anorexia affects your oral health in many ways. With anorexia the frequent vomiting can cause salivary glands to enlarge and the person may develop dry mouth. Dry mouth can lead to caries and periodontal disease. Tooth erosion is very common in bulimic patients due to the powerful effects of the stomach acid. With time the erosion can cause the enamel to change length, color, or shape. The lips may become cracked, red, or cracked and patient might also experience bad breath.
 
Treatment often can be extremely challenging because someone with anorexia will not cooperate or resists participation in any treatment program. Initially, treatment must focus on stabilizing any life-threatening complications of starvation. In severe cases, the medical team will assist in regaining weight, possibly using nutrition replacement through an IV. The team must educate the person about the disease and its medical complications, as well as teach proper nutritional requirements. For treatment of the oral health patients who purge by vomiting should not brush after vomiting but instead rinse with water to neutralize the effect of the stomach acid. Regular check ups are important, the dentist will usually be the first line of defense.
 
 
Recognizing that a problem may exist is crucial. Rarely are people aware of this problem themselves because this disease is defined by a distorted view of their own body image or weight. A family member or friend must recognize the possibility of a medical or psychiatric problem. A person with anorexia nervosa often resists questioning and is extremely secretive, usually denying any problem and making excuses for weight loss or eating habits. If pressed on the subject, the person may become angry or withdrawn, further complicating attempts by others to help. If you think a friend or family member has a problem, get that person to a physician, even if she or he strongly resists cooperating. You can also contact our dentist in Santa Ana Dr. Danial Kalantari, or our friendly staff of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us

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Asthma

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Asthma
 
 
 

Asthma is a condition that affects a person’s airways, which are also called breathing tubes or bronchial tubes. For most people, breathing is simple. They breathe in through their noses or mouths and the air goes into the windpipe. From there, it travels through the airways and into the lungs. But for people with asthma, breathing can be a lot more difficult because their airways are very sensitive. An asthma flare up, which some people call an asthma attack or episode, happens when a person’s airways get swollen and narrower and it becomes a lot harder for air to get in and out of the lungs. In between flare-ups, a person breathing can be totally normal or seem that way. But during a flare-up, it can feel like the person is breathing through a straw. A person with asthma may wheeze (a whistling sound when he or she breathes), cough, and feel tightness in the chest. An asthma flare-up can get worse and worse if the person doesn’t use asthma medicine. After an asthma flare-up, the airways almost always return to the way they were before, although it can take several days.Blue asthma inhaler isolated on white background

 

 
So how does asthma affect your oral health? People who have asthma are more than likely to suffer from dry mouth. Having a good amount of saliva in the mouth is important, it helps prevent cavities. Using an inhaler may irritate the back of the mouth and it can cause mouth ulcers or thrush. The medication for asthma can also lead to bad breath, gum disease, or other oral health problems.
 
Here are a few tips on how to protect your teeth and gums from any oral health problems related to asthma. Drink plenty of water to avoid having dry mouth and to stop any bacteria from forming after using your inhaler. Limit yourself from sugary foods to lower your chance of developing dental cavities. Avoid smoking to help prevent any periodontal disease. The most important tip is to brush and floss regularly, you can use toothpaste that helps with dry mouth. If you are scheduled for a dental appointment make sure to bring your dental inhaler to your appointment with you.
 
 
 Not every person’s asthma is the same, some asthma flare-ups can be cause by allergies and other can be cause by anxiety. People who have asthma should try to avoid things that can cause their airways to tighten. For many people visiting the dental office can cause anxiety. Scheduling early appointments or weekend appointments to prevent any asthma flare-ups might help. Avoid caffeine if you are visiting your dental office, caffeine can intensify anxiety. Many people know when they are beginning to have a flare up, if this is the case try to alert the dentist as soon as possible. Dental offices should be equipped with an asthma inhaler. If you have any questions regarding asthma and your oral health please contact your dentist in Santa Ana Dr. Danial Kalantari or your friendly staff of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us

X-rays

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X-rays
 
  A physicist named Willhelm Conrad Roentgen has dated the first X-ray on November 8, 1895. Willhelm accidently discovered that an image from his cathode (now known as electro rays) ray generator could penetrate many kinds of matter. A week after his discovery what his machine was capable of, he took a picture of his wife, which revealed her wedding ring and her bones. This had many people interested in the new form of radiation. Willhelm named the new form of radiation X- radiation (X standing for unknown).
      
        X- rays now play a big role in the medical and dental field. In the medical field a simple X-ray picture can help the doctor determine if a bone is broken or if a cell is growing. In the dental field X-rays help the doctor determine if there is decay growing under a filling, alert doctor if there is possible bone loss associated with periodontal disease, or reveal problems in the canal, such as infections or death to the nerve. For children X-rays are good to watch for decay, tooth growth, or whether the tooth is growing correctly. 
 
       There are a few types of dental x- rays. There is Bitewing X-ray that shows the upper and lower back teeth and how the teeth touch each other in a single view. These X-rays are used to check for decay between the teeth and to show how well the upper and lower teeth line up. They also show bone loss when severe gum disease or a dental infection is present. Then they have the Periapical X-rays, which show the entire tooth, from the exposed crown to the end of the root and the bones that support the tooth. These X-rays are used to find dental problems below the gum line or in the jaw, such as impacted teeth, abscesses, cysts, tumors, and bone changes linked to some diseases.
 
        The third type is Occlusal X-rays which shows the roof or floor of the mouth and are used to find extra teeth, teeth that have not yet broken through the gums, jaw fractures, a cleft in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), cysts, abscesses, or growths. Occlusal X-rays may also be used to find a foreign object. The fourth type is Panoramic X-rays, which show a broad view of the jaws, teeth, sinuses, nasal area, and temporomandibular (jaw) joints. These X-rays do not find cavities. These X-rays do show problems such as impacted teeth, bone abnormalities, cysts, solid growths (tumors), infections, and fractures. The last one is Digital X-ray is a new method being used in some dental offices. A small sensor unit sends pictures to a computer to be recorded and saved.
 
       A full-mouth series of periapical X-rays are most often done during a person’s first visit to the dentist. Bitewing X-rays are used during checkups to look for tooth decay. Panoramic X-rays may be used occasionally. Dental X-rays are scheduled when you need them based on your age, risk for disease, and signs of disease. Children need dental X-rays every six months to a year or depending on age because they have a higher risk to develop caries. Adults who have had plenty of dental treatment need consistent regular checkups. If you want to schedule an exam with our Santa Ana Dentist Dr. Danial Kalantari please contact your friendly dental office of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us

Local Anesthesia

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Local Anesthesia

Local anesthesia is a type of anesthetic administered by the dentist to help prevent discomfort on an area of your mouth that needs dental treatment needed. (Some states allow dental hygienist to administer local anesthesia.) Many people fear or do not visit the dentist regularly because they are afraid of the anesthetic needles. They put their self at higher risk in developing major dental problems. Local anesthesia works by blocking the nerves that sense or transmit pain. Making the dental treatment easier on the patient without feeling any pain or discomfort.

First, before any local anesthesia is administered the dentist will use a topical anesthetic on the injection site. The topical anesthetic is placed in the oral mucosa for at least one minute. The topical anesthesia will help eliminate sensation, making the patient feel less discomfort when the anesthetic is administered. Topical anesthetic can also be used to depress the gag reflex that occur when taking x-rays or impressions. Topical anesthetic can come in gel, ointments, liquids, and metered sprays. It is commonly found in gel form, and comes in different flavors.

Injectable anesthetic comes in liquid form and it’s in a cartridge. There are many types of injectable anesthetics, they are labeled with different color cartridges. Some anesthetics contain vasoconstrictor; vasoconstrictor increases the duration of the anesthetic. There are some types of anesthetics that contain no vasoconstrictor and the duration of the anesthetic is less than one with vasoconstrictor. These are mostly used on patients with high blood pressure, and come in a light brown-labeled cartridge.carpules

Local anesthesia can be used for most dental treatment. Including dental fillings, root canals, crown preparations, extractions, and deep cleanings. There are some cases were your dentist will recommend sedation for wisdom teeth extractions. Local anesthesia can last from 3 to 5 hours so it’s very important to avoid hot foods and drinks, and avoid biting your lips and cheeks.

Local anesthesia is not the most fun part in dentistry, but it does help you from feeling any sensitivity or pain while in dental treatment. If you have any questions regarding local anesthesia in the dental field, you can contact our dentist in Santa Ana, Dr. Danial Kalantari or your friendly staff of Smiles on Bristol Dentistry.Contact Us